CeBeDeM

CeBeDeM

index
of affiliated composers

SMET, Raoul De

Raoul DE SMET was born on 27 October 1936 in Borgerhout. He studied the philology of Romance languages and music history at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. After this he took a year of specialisation on a study grant in Madrid and Salamanca. He then worked as a teacher for four years in Tunisia, after which he taught Spanish at the Katholieke Vlaamse Hogeschool in Antwerp. His gained his basic musical training (solfège, harmony, piano) at the Music Academy in Deurne. Apart from this training, he was self-taught as a musician until he undertook studies in 1966 with Lucien Goethals and Louis De Meester at the IPEM (Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music) in Ghent, with August Verbesselt in Antwerp and with Ton de Leeuw in Amsterdam. Through his own studies of theoretical works (Schönberg, Krenek, Koechlin, Messiaen and others) and of scores, and by listening to a wide variety of genres, he developed his own personal musical language.
In 1972 De Smet took part in the Ferienkurse für Neue Musik in Darmstadt, where two of his works were performed. He also participated in the Gaudeamus Days in Bilthoven. In 1976 he took part in the Seminar on Contemporary American Music in Salzburg. In 1977 he represented IPEM at the Colloquium Musica/Sintesi as part of the Biennale in Venice.
From 1974 to 1994 Raoul De Smet organised the Orphische Avonden (Orphic Evenings) in Antwerp, featuring concerts of contemporary (mainly Flemish) chamber music in Antwerp. Between 1980 and 1984 he was a member of the board of the Centrum voor Muziek in Leuven. From 1983 to 1993, De Smet programmed concerts of contemporary music in the foyer of the Antwerp Stadsschouwburg (City theatre). In 1976, 1985 and 1990 he organised the Electronic Music Days at the ICC (International Cultural Centre) and the deSingel. In 1981 he began the E.M. series, an edition in facsimile of chamber music by Flemish composers. In 1987 he established the Orpheus Prize, a biennial international competition for the interpretation of contemporary chamber music. In 1995, he received the Fuga Trophy. Since 1999 he has organised the Belgian Chocolates Festival.

WORK
Raoul De Smet continually calls systems into question, and is suspicious of any form of academism. Dodecaphony, serialism, aleatory music, jazz and ethnic music are woven into the fabric of his music. For De Smet, a system is separate from a style. For example, he often uses thirds in the construction of a series, which can make a dodecaphonic work sound completely tonal. He is always finding new sounds in the traditional corpus of instruments, but without going to extremes, even within individual compositions. His expressive eclecticism – or as he himself terms it, pluralism – uses all possible means, styles and techniques with a critical-educational objective. Equally multiform are the impulses driving De Smet to compose: irritation, doubt, happiness, social criticism, love, a musical experience, a memory, a compositional aspect from an earlier work, daily reality… His list of works can thus be seen as a series of episodes from the "comédie humaine". An example of a work inspired by daily reality is Monoloog 1 for violin (1976): here the source is ‘zap culture’. Monoloog 1 is a collage in which the composition continually zaps between different playing techniques and contrasting manners of expression. A first episode with a maestoso beginning and a constant alternation between pizzicato and arco is followed by a lively giocoso. A heated acceleration builds to a dramatic-heroic phrase which suddenly switches to a quarter-tone passage, followed in turn by a maestoso. After a short, virtuoso cadenza, the monolog ends mysteriously and indefinitely. This multiplicity of contrasts and moods is found in many other works by this composer. For example, the peace and quiet of Meditation 1 for piano (1963) is interrupted by rhythmically terse motifs and by unexpected and energetic disturbances, like stimuli from without which divert the train of thought and send the reflections in a new direction.
After attending the Ferienkurse für Neue Musik in Darmstadt, Raoul De Smet wrote Tres Piezas for flute solo (1972). This composition consists of Gregorian-like phrases and is influenced by Arab music. The flute is given a singing voice in an attempt to let it figuratively sound anew, in a work which also points in the direction of the aleatory style then prevalent in Darmstadt. Early music from the Mediterranean area was a constant source of inspiration for his early work, alongside the influence of composers such as Bartók, Sibelius and Liszt.
Among the best known compositions by Raoul De Smet are his 2 chamber operas, Ulrike, an antique tragedy (1979) and Het laatste uur van Vincent van Gogh (The final hour of Vincent van Gogh, 1988-89). The libretto of Ulrike was written by Leo Geerts. The story deals with the Rote Armee Fraktion, with its leaders Ulrike Meinhof and Andreas Baader, which launched an open attack on German society with bombings, bank robberies and shooting sprees. For Ulrike Meinhof there was one fundamental personal certainty: the existing order is illegitimate. This order reacted with brutal repression, locking the Baader-Meinhof prisoners up in solitary confinement, resulting in their death. This theme drove Raoul De Smet to employ an expressionistic language, which is conveyed partly in the solo roles accorded to the instruments and the application of a dodecaphonic grammar. The basic series is developed sometimes atonally, sometimes bitonally and often modally, again revealing De Smet’s pluralist language. Each character has his or her own musical domain. Literary quotations (e.g., from Vondel and Shakespeare) are paralleled by musical citations, from such sources as Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony, the chorale O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden, ancient-sounding psalm melodies and Chopin’s funeral march. Ulrike is a through-composed opera that treads a middle way between theatre, Sprechgesang and belcanto. In Het laatste uur van Vincent van Gogh, De Smet aptly sketches the insoluble problems which consume the painter in his art, both problems of love and of his relations with his fellow man.
As a specialist in Romance languages, and a Spanish scholar, De Smet has been able to take a critical and distanced position in relation to the official music world. As noted earlier, his works have often had a critical-educational objective. In Octopus for 8 bass clarinets (1990), De Smet expresses his critique of musicians, musicologists and the audience. The subtitle of this work is “juegos prohibidos” (forbidden games), which refers to the incoherent composition of a work which he knew would probably not meet with the approval of academics. De Smet shows his opposition to academics who claim that a clarinet had to sound like a cello in the music of the future. He rebukes the attitude of the organisers of the major New Music festivals that set out to play the general audience for a fool. He also goes on the attack against repetitive music, which does not force the audience to think, and he opposes the doctrinaire rejection of dance forms in serious music.
He gradually evolved to a simplification of expressive means, resulting in more consonant compositions which tend to sound decorative and playful, in a lightly divertimento style and with a certain naturalness in their progression. Here the most obvious solutions prevail over the highly original, contrived or extravagant.
From Goeyvaerts De Smet borrowed the idea that each composition serves as a kind of successor to the preceding one, analogous to human evolution. This leads to compositions in series, such as the works Avatar 1 (1972) to Avatar 7 (2002). “Avatar” stands for Indian myth.
The musical ideas that fill the structures of De Smet’s compositions invariably reflect a simple dialectic pattern: after the presentation of a first idea, a second follows in succession, or is juxtaposed simultaneously with the first. For example, in the finale of Houtsneden (Wood cuts), a repetitive element is played out against a calm atmosphere. In another section, a very thinned out passage is juxtaposed with an 8-voice canon. Gnomons III for saxophone quartet (1990) also consists of 2 contrasting elements: long, held tones versus a short rhythmic motif, with the 2 evolving in opposite directions through contrary motion, (from long sequences towards short and from short towards long). The respective lengths of the sequences are determined by square numbers, between which “gnomons” (uneven numbers) are placed, descending from 17 down to 5. De Smet then repeats the whole process in reverse order, with a number of alterations and ornamentations.
As in Gnomons III, numbers determine the form in other works by De Smet. The music of Bach was the model for this mathematical approach. The above-mentioned opera Het laatste uur van Vincent van Gogh, for instance, is based completely on the number 33. The whole composition is built on various rhythmic patterns of 33 quavers or crotchets (including the pattern 9-3-4-5-1-4-5-2), in which the smaller note values (1 and 2) receive sforzando accents. Each sequence of 33 can be subdivided into separate colour combinations, such as accordion with oboe, cello with piccolo, etc. This creates a mix of colours in the music, comparable with van Gogh’s paintings.
From Mozart, De Smet learned how to conjure up different moods. Composing music is primarily a question of entering into a dialogue with the listener. For Raoul De Smet, music should entertain the listener.

SELECTIVE LIST OF WORKS
- Vocal: Gnomons 1 for 4-voice choir (1985); Madrigaal 5 for 4-voice choir (1996); Parade for medium voice and brassquintet (2000)
- Chamber opera: Ulrike, een antieke tragedie (1979); Vincent, apologie van een schilder (1988-89)
- Orchestra: Symfonie 1 (1959-60); Meditatie for strings (1969); Concerto for alto saxophone solo, accordion, strings and percussion (1992); Symfonie no. 2 (1995); Concerto for accordion and strings (2000); Concerto for piano and strings (2003)
- Chamber music: Drvgs for 2 clarinets (or another combination) (1972); Tres Piezas for flute (1972); Avatar 3 for violin and viola (1975); Four Temperaments for bass clarinet (1975); Monoloog 1 for violin (1976); Khammsa 1 for trombone quintet (1977-78); Logboek 1 for violoncello (1982-83); Trio-logie 2 for flute, bass clarinet and piano (1984); Cuadrante oriental for flute, violin, vibraphone and piano (1985); Noche serena for guitar and tape (1988); Tussen kreeft en steenbok for clarinet and string quartet (1991); Nocturne 2 for violin and accordion (1995); Gnomons IV for 4 guitars (1996); Reminiscenties 2 for 2 violins (1997); Caprices d'Uranus for violoncello and accordion (1999); Beschouwingen over 2 thema's van J.S. Bach for organ (2000); Morgen-Rage for 2 violoncelli (2001)
- Electronic music: Adagio for tape solo (1975); Kathy's Nightmare and other joys for tape solo (1980); Efemeer 3 for tape solo (1988)

SELECTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY
- Y. KNOCKAERT, art. De Smet, Raoul, in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, uitg. dr. S. SADIE, 7, 2001, p. 242
- Y. KNOCKAERT, art. Raoul De Smet: in cijfers gevatte vrijblijvendheid, in Kunst en Cultuur, 1992, p. 14-15
- Y. KNOCKAERT, De modernisten. Generatie °1930-40, in Nieuwe muziek in Vlaanderen, uitg. dr. M. DELAERE, Y. KNOCKAERT en H. SABBE, Brugge, 1998, p. 117-118
- art. Raoul De Smet, in Algemene Muziekencyclopedie, uitg. dr. J. ROBIJNS en M. ZIJLSTRA, 7, 1981, p. 177
- Y. SENDEN, art. Een oorstrelende dissonant, in Muziek & Woord, december 1991, p. 40
- S. MOENS, art. Ulrike, een verre tragedie, in Muziek & Woord, juni 1989, p. 2
- S. BATENS, art. Raoul De Smet, in Even aanzoemen, 2001, jaargang 28, nr. 4-5, p. 7
- P. JANSSEN, art. Muzikaal Donquichottisme, in Mens & Melodie, 2002, jaargang 52, nr. 2/8, p. 44-48

SELECTIVE DISCOGRAPHY
- Madrigaal 1, VOL KOREN 2, Cantores Classic CC 98030-404A
- Madrigaal 5, MUSICHE PER VAN DYCK, CRR 7302
- Soledad Sonora 1, VINTAGE OF EUROPEAN SAXOPHONE MUSIC-BELGIUM, Cassa Nova Records CNR 3011
- Gnomons 3, WINNERS OF ORPHEUS-PRIJS CONTEST, Cassa Nova Records CNR 950821
- Reflexie 1, Logboek 1 (Mark Drobinsky), NEW CELLO MUSIC FROM FLANDERS BY THE MAGIC MARK DROBINSKY, Cass Nova Records CNR 940821
- Khammsa 1 (Khammsa Quintet), THE TRILLING TROMBONE OF FLANDERES, Phaedra 92023
- Meditaties 1 tot 5, Monoloog 1, Dialogen 1 en 2, Reminiscenties 1 en 2, CONTRASTEN, DC 9808032
- Studies 2, 4 en 5, ELEKTRONISCHE PRODUCTIE I.P.E.M., LP-Alpha DBM-N257
- Vocalise 1 (St. Crispin's Chamber Ensemble) op "The weather inside" - Eclecta - ECCD-2071
- Schets in zwart-wit (José E. Martins, piano) op New Belgian Etudes - RP/GMA 044


[©2003 Leen Francken, for MATRIX]

works

  • 't Zuid, 2000
    flute, bass clarinet, violin, viola, cello, piano and percussion 00:10:15
  • (Petite) Musique pour le petit déjeuner, 1979
    flute, clarinet in B flat, trombone or horn, violin and piano + music box 00:06:00
  • 4 X 4 Drive Suite, 1994
    4 percussionists 00:14:00
  • 5 Miséricordes, 1998
    string orchestra 00:06:00
  • 5 Miséricordes, 1998
    2 violins, viola and cello 00:06:00
  • A Bocanadas, 1992
    bass clarinet and percussion 00:07:00
  • A la recherche de... I, 1975
    recorder solo 00:04:00
  • A la recherche de... II, 1976
    cor anglais 00:06:00
  • A la recherche de... III, 1976
    bassoon 00:05:05
  • A la recherche de... IV, 1976
    bassoon 00:04:00
  • Adagio, 1985
    violin and string orchestra 00:09:30
  • Antique, 2006
    Counter-Tenor and 3 flute players 00:03:00
  • Arsenic en Brugse kant, 1988
    tempered carillon 00:05:30
  • Avatar 6, 1976
    flute and violin 00:03:00
  • Avatar I, 1972
    flute and cello 00:04:00
  • Avatar II, 1973
    flute and viola 00:04:30
  • Avatar III, 1975
    violin and viola 00:04:30
  • Avatar IV, 1976
    flute, violin, viola and cello 00:03:30
  • Avatar V, 1990
    violin and cello 00:05:30
  • Avatar VII, 2001
    violin, viola, cello 00:05:00
  • Ballad for a painter, 1998
    Mezzo-Soprano, accordeon and guitar 00:02:30
  • Beproeving, 1981
    guitar 00:06:00
  • Beschouwingen over de naam Bach, 1985
    flute and vibraphone 00:04:30
  • Beschouwingen over twee thema's van J.S. Bach, 2000
    organ 00:05:00
  • Black Label suite, 1988
    5 saxes, accordeon and 2 percussion 00:11:00
  • Blues-fantasie, 1998
    piano 00:05:30
  • Brabo, 2007
    guitar quartet 00:02:20
  • Bribes d'Avatar, 2000
    viola and cello 00:02:15
  • Ca Turne (improvisatiethema)
    soprano instrument 00:00:00
  • Cadenza, 1978
    clarinet in B flat 00:10:00
  • Canto, 1975
    oboe 00:07:00
  • Caprices d'Uranus, 1999
    cello and accordeon 00:07:00
  • Chèvrefeuille, 1986
    tcheng or guitar 00:08:00
  • Chèvrefeuille, 1986
    tcheng 00:08:00
  • Chèvrefeuille, 1986
    guitar 00:08:00
  • Colloquium, 1974
    flute, violin, viola and cello 00:08:00
  • Colofon 1, 1986
    oboe, bass clarinet and trombone 00:05:00
  • Concerto, 1992
    alto saxophone, strings, percussion and accordeon 00:18:30
  • Concerto, 1995
    cello and string orchestra 00:22:00
  • Concerto, 2010
    violon and stringorchestra 00:16:00
  • Concerto "Fin de siècle", 2000
    bayan and string orchestra 00:16:00
  • Concerto grosso 3.11.1, 1972
    oboe, trombone, cello, piano, vibraphone and orchestra 00:12:00
  • Concerto voor piano en strijkorkest, 2003
    piano and string orchestra 00:19:00
  • Concerto voor viool, 1993
    violin and orchestra 00:32:00
  • Concierto barroco (sobre temas de Bach, Händel, Scarlatti y Vivaldi)
    band 00:00:00
  • Considérations sur un thème de B. Bartók, 1979
    double bass 00:12:00
  • Cool fragrances from my Avant-Garden, 2004
    harp 00:06:00
  • Cuadrante Boreal, 2001
    flute, cello, accordeon and piano 00:13:00
  • Cuadrante occidental, 1987
    flute, oboe, double bass, piano 00:07:00
  • Cuadrante oriental, 1985
    flute in G, violin, vibraphone, darboukha and piano 00:08:00
  • Départ, 2007
    Baritone, accordeon and double bass 00:01:10
  • De Bakchanten, 1976
    recorders, trombone and percussion 00:09:00
  • De vier etappen, 1961
    2 violins, viola and cello 00:25:00
  • Dialoog nr.1, 1970
    violin and piano 00:05:29
  • Dialoog nr.2, 1984
    violin and piano 00:08:35
  • Divertimento, 1956
    violin, viola, cello 00:07:00
  • Drie bagatellen, 1967
    piano 00:02:00
  • Drie bewegingen, 1979
    flute, alto flute and strings 00:15:00
  • Drie gewijde gezangen, 1959
    four-part choir a cappella 00:05:00
  • Drie graffiti, 1994
    trumpet in B flat 00:06:00
  • Drie Haikoe's, 1986
    oboe and piano 00:06:00
  • Drie impromptu's, 1991
    accordeon 00:08:00
  • Drie manifestaties, 1979
    six-, five- or four-part choir 00:03:30
  • Drie miniaturen 1, 1998
    clarinet 00:01:20
  • Drie miniaturen 2, 1996
    clarinet 00:02:30
  • Drie miniaturen 3, 1998
    clarinet 00:01:00
  • Drie stemmingen, 1985
    saxophone and tape 00:09:00
  • Drvgs, 1972
    2 clarinets (or others) 00:05:00
  • Drvgs-bis, 2003
    flute and clarinet 00:05:00
  • Duetten in de chambrette, 1994
    recorder and marimba 00:11:00
  • Ecce Homo, 2004
    soli, choir and ensemble 00:40:00
  • Ecce Homo, 2004
    four voices mixed choir and piano 00:40:00
  • Eerste twee liederen, 1955
    middle voice and piano 00:07:30
  • Escapade, 1991
    clarinet and string quartet 00:08:30
  • Etude n° 02: Prova di polso, 2005
    piano 00:02:00
  • Etude n° 03: Manitas saltantes, 2005
    piano 00:01:30
  • Etude n° 04: En se faufilant parmi les touches, 2005
    piano 00:01:30
  • Etude n° 05: In a vibrant mood, 2006
    piano 00:01:45
  • Etude n° 06: Fragancias del alma, 2006
    piano 00:03:30
  • Etude n° 07: Muizenkoers (Mouse Race), 2007
    piano 00:01:25
  • Etude nr.01: Réflexion sur les notes répétées, 2004
    piano 00:02:30
  • Etude nr.08: Surfing hands, 2008
    piano 00:01:50
  • Etude nr.09: Ensimismamiento, 2008
    piano 00:03:30
  • Etude nr.10: Les octaves farcies, 2008
    piano 00:02:45
  • Etude nr.11: La discordante, 2009
    piano 00:03:40
  • Etude nr.12: D'accords ou pas d'accords?, 2009
    piano 00:02:50
  • Etude nr.13: De recalcitrante, 2009
    piano 00:02:15
  • Etude nr.14: Keep on trying, 2009
    piano 00:02:10
  • Facetten, 1993
    piano 00:04:30
  • Fantasia & Fuga Frustrata, 2002
    organ 00:09:00
  • Fête d'hiver, 2007
    Baritone, oboe, bassoon and French horn 00:02:20
  • Feestklankje, 1992
    mixed choir (S. A. T) and piano 00:01:10
  • Five Short Stories, 1969
    flute, bass clarinet, violin, viola, cello, piano and percussion 00:12:00
  • Flinters, 2000
    2 saxophones 00:06:40
  • Four temperaments, 1975
    bass clarinet 00:09:00
  • GAM 79, 1997
    2 flutes and tape 00:16:00
  • Gnomons I, 1985
    four-part choir a cappella 00:05:30
  • Gnomons II, 1986
    4 identical instruments and tape (trombones - cellos) 00:13:00
  • Gnomons II, 2003
    4 trombones 00:12:00
  • Gnomons III, 1990
    4 saxophones 00:08:30
  • Gnomons IV, 1996
    4 guitars 00:10:00
  • Handgemeen, 1961
    piano 00:08:00
  • Hommage à Michel de Ghelderode, 2001
    1 flute player and 1 percussion player 00:06:00
  • Hop Signor!, 1992
    recorder and harpsichord 00:05:30
  • Houtsneden, 1990
    double wind quintet 00:17:00
  • Hymne, 1963
    four-part choir a cappella 00:02:00
  • Isoldes dood, 1989
    Soprano, tuba and tape recorder 00:16:00
  • Jerdango, 1976
    guitar 00:09:00
  • Jij, 1995
    mixed choir and string orchestra 00:09:00
  • Kamperfoeliedal, 1986
    women's choir, violin and organ 00:07:00
  • Khammsa I, 1977
    5 trombones 00:13:00
  • Khammsa II, 1990
    flute, oboe, clarinet, horn and bassoon 00:16:00
  • Liefde-lied, 1996
    three-part women's choir, alto saxophone and organ 00:06:00
  • Logboek I, 1983
    cello 00:23:40
  • Madrigaal 1, 1981
    four-part choir a cappella 00:01:20
  • Madrigaal 2, 1992
    four-part choir a cappella 00:03:00
  • Madrigaal 3, 1992
    four-part choir a cappella 00:02:30
  • Madrigaal 4, 1996
    four-part choir a cappella 00:02:30
  • Madrigaal 5, 1996
    four-part choir a cappella 00:03:00
  • Meditatie, 1969
    12 strings 00:08:00
  • Meditatie, 2011
    cello 00:05:00
  • Meditatie nr.5, 1992
    piano 00:07:50
  • Meditatie nr.6, 1999
    piano 00:05:30
  • Meditatie nr.7, 2001
    piano 00:02:40
  • Melodie nr.1, 1998
    violin or viola and piano 00:02:30
  • Melodie nr.1, 1998
    violin and piano 00:02:30
  • Melodie nr.1, 1998
    viola and piano 00:02:30
  • Melodie nr.2, 1998
    violin and piano 00:05:00
  • Melopee, 2010
    violin and piano 00:02:30
  • Menu d'agréments, 1987
    harpsichord 00:12:00
  • Middag-Raga, 2004
    violin and percussion 00:07:00
  • Monoloog 1, 1976
    violin 00:12:30
  • Monoloog 2, 1984
    viola 00:14:00
  • Morgen-Raga, 2001
    2 cellos 00:07:50
  • Muzikale kliekjes, 1991
    2 violins, viola and cello 00:08:30
  • Muzikale opdracht, 1975
    flute, violin, bassoon or cello and harpsichord 00:12:00
  • Muzikale opdracht, 1975
    flute, violin, bassoon and harpsichord 00:12:00
  • Muzikale opdracht, 1975
    flute, violin, cello and harpsichord 00:12:00
  • Muzikale opdracht, 1975
    2 oboes, bassoon and harpsichord 00:12:00
  • Noche serena, 1989
    guitar and tape 00:11:00
  • Noche serena (bis), 1994
    guitar and flute 00:10:00
  • Nocturne I, 1994
    cello and piano 00:09:30
  • Nocturne II, 1995
    violin and accordeon (bayan) 00:12:00
  • Nocturne III, 1997
    clarinet in B flat and piano 00:06:00
  • O ignis caritatis et gaudium vitae, 2001
    Soprano, clarinet, violin and cello 00:06:40
  • Oct-opuske, 1997
    8 trumpets 00:05:20
  • Octopus, 1990
    8 bass clarinets 00:08:00
  • Onze Vader, 2005
    mixed Choir a cappella 00:00:00
  • Op oude gronden, 1991
    4 identical instruments (flutes - clarinets) 00:07:00
  • Osmose 1, 1995
    Baritone and piano 00:02:00
  • Osmose 2, 1996
    Baritone and piano 00:03:30
  • Parade, 2000
    middle voice, 2 trumpets, horn, trombone and tuba 00:06:30
  • Partita for seven, 1974
    flute, oboe, French horn, tromone, violin, harpsichord, double bass 00:25:00
  • Partita II voor een Sinjeur, 1977
    oboe, trombone, viola, cello and piano 00:10:00
  • Partita III, 1982
    flute, oboe, viola and cello 00:10:00
  • Pater Noster, 2007
    mixed Choir a cappella 00:01:20
  • Pêle-Mêle, 2003
    violin, cello, bass clarinet and fourhanded piano 00:07:50
  • Pentás, 1968
    orchestra 00:10:00
  • Petite ballade pour Marianne, 1987
    harpsichord 00:02:00
  • Pièce antique, 1973
    flute and piano 00:06:30
  • Prelude n° 3
    piano 00:00:00
  • Prelude nr.1, 1961
    piano 00:01:00
  • Prelude nr.2, 1963
    piano 00:01:30
  • Prelude nr.5, 1986
    piano 00:01:20
  • Psalm 142 (141), 1956
    3 equal voices and organ 00:08:00
  • Quatre chants liturgiques, 1965
    four-part choir a cappella 00:09:00
  • Raga 1, 2003
    clarinet quartet 00:10:00
  • Raga 2, 2004
    violin, accordeon and piano 00:05:30
  • Rapsodie, 1966
    symphonic orchestra 00:12:00
  • Règnes, 1965
    Mezzo-Soprano and piano 00:07:00
  • Reflexie 1, 1972
    cello 00:04:30
  • Reflexie 2, 1984
    Alto and organ 00:05:00
  • Reflexie 3, 1985
    flute 00:06:00
  • Reminiscenties (V), 2005
    alto recorder and cello 00:05:00
  • Reminiscenties 1, 1982
    violin and harpsichord (piano) 00:10:13
  • Reminiscenties 2, 1996
    2 violins 00:09:48
  • Reminiscenties 3, 1998
    cello and piano 00:05:30
  • Reminiscenties IV, 2003
    2 recorders 00:10:00
  • Sax meets Lassus meets Sax, 1994
    4 saxophones 00:03:30
  • Scents of Odessa, 1998
    2 flutes 00:05:00
  • Schets en houtsnede, 1990
    4 recorders 00:04:00
  • Schets, in zwartwit, 2003
    piano 00:02:30
  • Shots, 1974
    2 recorders 00:04:00
  • Shots (bis), 2000
    2 saxophones 00:03:00
  • Soledad Sonora 1, 1988
    alto saxophone in Es 00:05:42
  • Soledad Sonora 1, 1988
    alto saxophone or clarinet 00:05:42
  • Soledad Sonora 1, 1988
    clarinet in A 00:05:42
  • Soledad Sonora 2, 1991
    alto flute in G 00:06:00
  • Sonata primitiva, 1965
    piano 00:10:00
  • Souper à Tunis, 1998
    four-handed piano 00:06:30
  • Souvenir de Lancut, 1993
    violin 00:07:20
  • Strijkkwartet n° 3, 2006
    2 violins, viola and cello 00:12:00
  • Sweet romance
    soloist and small instrumental ensemble ad lib. 00:00:00
  • Symfonie nr.1, 1960
    orchestra 00:37:30
  • Symfonie nr.2, 1995
    orchestra 00:18:15
  • Symfonie nr.2: Siciliaans logboek, 1995
    orchestra 00:16:00
  • Tensemas 2, 1992
    violin, cello and piano 00:06:00
  • Tensemas 3 for Modus-trio, 1996
    flute, oboe and bassoon 00:05:00
  • The good old days, 1978
    6 saxophones 00:12:00
  • Thelematic Rag, 2006
    alto sax, bass clarinet and piano 00:00:00
  • Torentriptiek, 1986
    chime-bells 00:07:30
  • Track - Sack fantasy, 1989
    10 accordeons 00:08:00
  • Tres piezas para flauta, 1972
    flute 00:07:30
  • Triologie n°1, 1975
    2 oboes and cor anglais 00:11:00
  • Triologie n°2, 1985
    piano, alto flute and bass clarinet 00:09:00
  • Triologie n°2 bis, 1994
    flute, cello and piano 00:08:00
  • Trivertimento, 1988
    recorder, oboe and piano 00:06:30
  • Trivertimento (bis), 1990
    flute, violin, piano or harpsichord 00:09:00
  • Trivertimento (bis), 1990
    flute, violin and piano 00:09:00
  • Trivertimento (bis), 1990
    flute, violin and harpsichord 00:09:00
  • Truly dors, 1998
    violin, clarinet and accordeon 00:07:30
  • Tussen Kreeft en Steenbok, 1991
    clarinet and string quartet 00:22:00
  • Twee fragmenten uit "Ulrike, een antieke tragedie", 2004
    violin, viola, cello and piano 00:08:00
  • Twee koorzangen op tekst van Euripides, 1969
    four- to eight-part choir a cappella 00:05:30
  • Twee studies, 1995
    marimba solo 00:07:00
  • Ulrike's Swan Song
    piano, accordion and violin 00:00:00
  • Ulrike, een antieke tragedie, 1979
    chamber opera 01:15:00
  • Ulrike, een antieke tragedie, 1979
    song and piano 01:15:00
  • Ultimo saludo al companero Lucien Goethals
    octet 00:00:00
  • Van oude mannen, de dingen die blijven, 2011
    piano, organ, stringorchestra and percussion 00:10:00
  • Vier Aforismen, 1976
    4 horns 00:02:00
  • Vier meditaties, 1963
    piano 00:12:00
  • Vier stemmingen, 1997
    organ 00:05:00
  • Vier stemmingen, 1997
    harmonium 00:05:00
  • Vijf tensemas I, 1973
    oboe, clarinet, bassoon 00:06:30
  • Vincent, apologie van een schilder, 1988
    chamber opera 00:44:00
  • Vincent, intiem, 1999
    cello quartet 00:12:00
  • Vocalise nr.1, 1986
    Soprano and clarinet in B flat 00:05:30
  • Vocalise nr.2, 1986
    Soprano and piano 00:06:00
  • Vocalise nr.3, 1987
    Baritone and trombone 00:05:00
  • Vocalise nr.4, 1987
    Soprano, Mezzo-Soprano and piano 00:04:30
  • Voor/tussen/na Spel I, 1970
    organ 00:05:30
  • Winter, 1998
    Mezzo-Soprano, clarinet and piano 00:06:45
  • Zes apocriefen, 1999
    bassoon quartet 00:08:00
  • Zeven ideogrammen, 2005
    alto recorder and marimba 00:06:00
  • Zuil voor Vic Gentils, 1995
    2 trumpets, horn, trombone and tuba 00:04:00
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