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LANDEGHEM, Jan Van

Jan VAN LANDEGHEM was born in Temse in 1954. He began his musical studies at the City Music Academy of Sint-Niklaas. He subsequently attended the conservatories of Brussels and Maastricht, earning first prizes in composition (magna cum laude) under Peter Cabus and André Laporte in Brussels and a solo diploma in organ under Kamiel D'Dhooghe in Maastricht. He attended courses in improvisation, organ, composition, and choral and orchestral conduction in France (with Iannis Xenakis, among others), Germany and the Netherlands. He was also regularly in contact with Karel Goeyvaerts in the last years of that composer's life.

Van Landeghem has appeared as a performer in most European countries, in the Far East and in the United States. He has recorded for both the Belgian and Dutch Radio. Selected as Fulbright Scholar for Belgium in 1985, he taught and performed at Georgia State University and at the University of Krakow (Poland). As conductor of the In Dulci Jubilo boys choir he has conducted concerts throughout Europe. He subsequently became conductor of the Concinentes chamber choir. At present he is director of the Music Academy in Bornem and teaches notation and composition at the Royal Music Conservatory in Brussels.

Jan Van Landeghem has won first prize in a number of composition competitions, including the national competition, 'Wendungen', of the Flanders Festival, for his work Epitaffio for Symphony Orchestra (1993) and the international 'Prize for Contemporary Music Flanders-Québec 1995' in Montreal for his string quartet Silent Scream . In 2000 he was chosen Composer of the Year 2000 at the Ramsgate Spring Festival for his piano quartet Marcatissimo.

WORKS
Jan Van Landeghem's repertoire is highly diverse in nature. His awareness of being influenced by numerous styles and factors has led to the creation of an interpreted polystylistic compositional style. Striking in this connection is that this diversity involves both the extra-musical elements of his music and the musical material itself.

In his compositions, Van Landeghem often takes as his point of departure an extra-musical factor, which then serves more as a source of inspiration than as an actual programme. For this he chooses from a broad spectrum of images and themes. For instance, the string quartet Silent Scream (1991) explores the idea that during an abortion the foetus actually screams silently. This scream is musically reproduced by the sul ponticello writing style. The second movement of the string quartet, in contrast, starts from the choice for life, making use of quotations from Wagner's Siegfried-Idylle . He has also written Jobutsu (1996), a composition for one recorder player and crotales, in which he alludes to the atmosphere in Japanese Buddhist temples and the perfection that the player of the shakuhachi (Japanese bamboo flute) achieves in Zen meditation.

This very great variation is found not only in the images evoked, but also in the techniques used. For his music, Jan Van Landeghem draws his inspiration from every imaginable domain of music history and from a wide spectrum of technical possibilities. He successfully makes a coherent synthesis of the most diverse styles and techniques. A good example of this is his Game I (1988) for solo organ. In this work he combines sound clusters which vary from one end of the sound field to the other, with the Gregorian chant Salve Regina as cantus firmus in the pedal. Originally the two elements appear next to one another, while later in the composition they are superimposed. Another illustration of this composer's eclectic style is found in Pastorale Notturno (1995) for Clarinet and Organ, a work that deals with the Christmas story. In the first movement, Introduzione notturna, Mary and Joseph's feelings of fear and uncertainty are expressed, partly through a number of aleatory elements and through the use of multiphonics. In the second movement, Musette, Van Landeghem imitates the musette both as a folk dance and as one of the names of the French bagpipe. The drone effect (a held, open fifth) is found in the left hand of the organ, while the clarinet and the right hand of the organ imitate the bagpipe player. The third movement of the work, Pastorella, then serves as a climax to the whole composition, since here the elements of the previous movements are combined with several Old Flemish Christmas songs.

A last example is the recent work Thamosoo ma jyotir gamaya (1999) for solo organ, based on the text of the Indian sage Sri Sathya Sai Baba. The most important ingredients of this work are a twelve-tone set, a Bach chorale (the first few times it is transformed, with only one complete line, 'Christ du bist der helle Tag', appearing at the end in its original form) and a set comprised of e-flat, a, b, b-flat, a, b-flat, a (referring to the name Sai Baba, using the Germanic system of note names: Es-A-H B-A-B-A ). The whole is then fit into a roughly symmetrical form. The basic idea of the composition is one of openness to and tolerance of other religions.

This eclecticism is closely related to the view held by Van Landeghem (and so many other composers of his generation) in connection with the function of the composer and his music in our society. Above all, the composers of his generation, making use of their eclectic techniques, set out to express the universality of the central questions, seeking to engage themselves socially (a typically modernist idea, even though the atmosphere of the works is often postmodern) by using their position as artists to go in search of all manner of ideals which can offer alternatives for the many extremist movements in our society.

SELECTIVE LIST OF WORKS
- Orchestral works: Behind the Crescent Moon (1989), Epitaffio (1993), Modale suite (1995),Les heures claires (1996), Gezelle (1999), Milleniummusic (2000), Gartenmusik (2000).
- Solo works: Toccatella (1981), Game 1 (1988), Uit de kleine wildernis (1986-1995), Shots (1993), Jobutsu (1996), Thamasoo ma jyotir gamaya (2000), Der Zippelfagotist (2000).
- Chamber music: Tres danzas festivas (1987), Birds (1989), Silent Scream Quartet (1991), Sanpaku (1992), The Jericho Wall (1992), Aquarioso (1994), Pastorale Notturno (1995), Marcatissimo (1997-1998), Bonus malus 22 (1998), Reynaert de Vos (1999), Two pieces for two marimbas (1999), Quasi uno minuto unisono (2000), African Music (2000).
- Vocal works: Four Poems for Choir (1986), Satermuziek (1993), Post lunam crescentem (1994), De mist verkoelt het geluid (1994), Due canti (1995), Les heures d'après-midi (1997-1998), Gezelletriptiek (1998), Costonoloi (1999), Vier kleengedichtjes (1999).

SELECTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY
- DELAERE, M., Y. KNOCKAERT and H. SABBE, Nieuwe Muziek in Vlaanderen, Brugge, 1998, p. 123-125.
- LEYS, P., Jan Van Landeghem in de kijker, in Even aanzoemen, 24, 1996, p. 10-11.
- VAN CLEEMPUT, B., De boodschap van een boogschutter, in Muziek en Woord, 20, 1994, p. 3.

SELECTIVE DISCOGRAPHY
- Birds (Vier op een rij - Flanders Recorder Quartet), CD Vox Temporis CD92 004.
- Carpe diem (The European Brass Quintet), CD Pavane ADW 7294.
- Aquarioso (Flanders Trumpet Choir), CD DiGi Classics DC9410002.
- Tocatella op 'Wachet auf ruft uns die Stimme' (koor Rondinella), LP.
- Zen uit Sanpaku (Vier op een rij - Flanders Recorder Quartet), CD 'Meister van Morgen', uitgave in eigen beheer Dr. C. Dörken Stiftung, Herdecke, Duitsland.
- Jobutsu (G. Van Gele), CD Vox Temporis CD92 031.
- In one salutation to thee uit Four poems for choir ( Ensemble Voca Lisa), CD BRTN
Radio 3 'Twintig jaar koorleven in Vlaanderen', CD1536.
- M&L orgels, Partita over 'Ruk open Heer de hemelpoort', K. D'Hooghe, organ, CD CODO21-97/1.
- Tres Danzas Festivas (K. Brouns, fluit en J. De bruyn, gitaar), 'Towards The Sea'
B&B 1999.
- Gezelle Triptiek, Phaedra 1999.
- Reinaert de vos (I Solisti del Vento), 99-01.
- Stad in de tijd, 1900-1944 Millenniummusic Gate Productions V.Z.W. (het Symfonieorkest van de Stedelijke Academie voor muziek, woord en dans).
- A turkish bumble-bee, Serie Festival Walter Boeykens 2000.
- Marcatissimo (Marcato pianoquartet), René Gailly 2000.


[© 2001 Eva Demeyer, for MATRIX]

works

  • aan Carl Philip Emmanuel, 1988
    harpsichord 00:00:00
  • Battaglia interrotta, 1989
    symphonic organ 00:13:00
  • Behind the crescent moon, 1989
    12 strings 00:00:00
  • Birds, 1989
    recorder quartet 00:09:00
  • Bonus Malus 22, 1998
    saxophone octet (double quartet) 00:06:00
  • Carpe diem, 1993
    2 trumpets, horn, trombone and tuba 00:05:00
  • Concertino, 2004
    2 marimbas and 6 percussionists 00:00:00
  • Concerto doppio (versie 1), 2006
    violin, viola and string orchestra 00:00:00
  • Concerto doppio (versie 2), 2006
    violin, viola and string orchestra 00:00:00
  • Concerto per chitarra ed orchestra, 1997
    guitar and orchestra 00:25:00
  • Concerto per organo ed orchestra, 1990
    organ and orchestra 00:00:00
  • De mist verkoelt het geluid, 1994
    mixed choir and various instruments 00:06:00
  • Drie bagatellen, 1994
    flute, violin, viola, cello and double bass 00:14:00
  • Drie erotische liedekens, 1995
    Soprano - guitar 00:00:00
  • Due canti per arc sonore, 1995
    men's choir a cappella 00:06:00
  • Een tent van Tamarinde, 1994
    high voice and keyboard 00:20:00
  • Epitaffio, 1993
    symphonic orchestra 00:00:00
  • Essere o non essere, 1992
    clarinet and piano 00:07:00
  • Essere o non essere, 1992
    bass clarinet and piano 00:07:00
  • Fantasia, 2009
    organ 00:12:00
  • Four poems for choir, 1986
    Choir a cappella 00:15:00
  • Game I on Salve Regina, 1988
    organ 00:07:00
  • Gezelle, 1999
    choir, S. or Bar. solo, orchestra, actors, Narrators, children and vide 01:10:00
  • Gezelle, 1999
    choir, S. or Bar., actors, narrators, children, video and piano 01:10:00
  • Grappa ma non trappa, 1989
    clarinet quartet 00:08:00
  • Images from Jeju-Do, 2012
    marimba and symphonic orchestra 00:25:00
  • Jiva, 2004
    oboe, clarinet, bassoon 00:16:00
  • Klaviertrio, 1996
    violin, cello and piano 00:12:00
  • Klaviertrio II, 2004
    violin, cello and piano 00:00:00
  • Kristal, 1997
    organ 00:00:00
  • Les heures claires, 1996
    Bass-baritone and orchestra 00:00:00
  • Menuet en scherzo, 1997
    oboe and organ 00:00:00
  • Pastorale notturno, 1995
    clarinet in A and B flat and organ 00:10:00
  • Post lunam crescentem, 1994
    choir, Soprano solo and 10 instruments 00:00:00
  • Sanpaku, 1992
    recorder quartet 00:12:00
  • Satermuziek, 1993
    choir, vocal quartet and piano 00:05:00
  • Seduzione, 1986
    clarinet 00:05:00
  • Serenata notturna, 1994
    string orchestra, cor anglais, horn and harp 00:00:00
  • Shots, 1993
    marimba solo 00:04:00
  • Silent Scream Quartet, 1991
    2 violins, viola and cello 00:13:00
  • Spielerei, Klage und Tanz, 1994
    flute 00:07:00
  • Sprachlos, 1991
    low voice and piano 00:04:00
  • Suite, 1954
    violin and guitar 00:08:25
  • Tico toco, 2004
    Soprano, violin and organ 00:00:00
  • Tico Toco Toco
    violin and marimba 00:00:00
  • Trakl-Cyclus, 1994
    high voice and keyboard and/or string quartet 00:20:00
  • Tres danzas festivas, 1987
    flute and guitar 00:12:00
  • Trois songs, 1995
    Baritone and (grand) piano 00:10:00
  • Twee liederen, 1985
    high voice and piano 00:00:00
  • Tyaga, 2001
    accordeon 00:00:00
  • Vier Jahreszeiten, 1995
    high voice and keyboard 00:10:00
  • Wijzang-cantate, 1986
    Mezzo-Soprano or high Baritone, trumpet in C and organ 00:00:00
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